60m Propagation Project

The objective of our 60M Experiment is to evaluate the band as a viable HF communications link between remote communities and larger centres throughout the Northern Canada Auroral Zone.
To accomplish this, we are gathering a team of interested individuals in various locations to beacon, and monitor beacons from other stations throughout the region.
Beacons heard will are spotted to PSK Reporter. The PSK Reporter data is automatically updated our central data base.
Solar weather data will also update our central database every 15 minutes.
Beacons heard, and solar conditions will be displayed graphically on a common time base to allow the data to be analysed. This feature is currently under development.

The graphs will show us beacons heard by any station and the existing solar conditions at any given time.
From this information we are hoping to learn what solar conditions need to exist to support a reasonable communications path, and what conditions will not.

Geoalert

:Product: GEOALERT :Issued: 2020 Apr 02 0330 UTC # Prepared by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, # Space Weather Prediction Center. # Geoalert WWA093 UGEOA 20401 00402 0330/ 9930/ 10021 20023 30021 99999 UGEOE 20401 00402 0330/ 01/00 99999 UGEOI 20401 00402 0330/ 01/// 10013 20690 3006/ 4///0 50000 61508 74604 80001 90020 99999 UGEOR 20401 00402 0330/ 01/24 02101 12759 20000 30000 47101 50020 60003 13828 00000 99999 PLAIN S.I.D.C. BRUSSELS INTERNATIONAL PROVISIONAL MONTHLY MEAN SUNSPOT NUMBER RI FOR 2020 MARCH IS 1.5 (ONE POINT FIVE).
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Solar & Geophysical Activity Summary (SGAS)

:Product: Solar and Geophysical Activity Summary :Issued: 2020 Apr 02 0245 UTC # Prepared jointly by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, # Space Weather Prediction Center and the U.S. Air Force. # Joint USAF/NOAA Solar and Geophysical Activity Summary SGAS Number 093 Issued at 0245Z on 02 Apr 2020 This report is compiled from data received at SWO on 01 Apr A. Energetic Events Begin Max End Rgn Loc Xray Op 245MHz 10cm Sweep None B. Proton Events: None C. Geomagnetic Activity Summary: The geomagnetic field was quiet to unsettled. D. Stratwarm: Not Available E. Daily Indices: (real-time preliminary/estimated values) 10 cm 069 SSN 013 Afr/Ap 004/007 X-ray Background A1.4 Daily Proton Fluence (flux accumulation over 24 hrs) GT 1 MeV 5.6e+04 GT 10 MeV 4.6e+04 p/(cm2-ster-day) (GOES-16 satellite synchronous orbit W75 degrees) Daily Electron Fluence GT 2 MeV 3.90e+07 e/(cm2-ster-day) (GOES-16 satellite synchronous orbit W75 degrees) 3 Hour K-indices: Boulder 3 3 2 0 2 2 1 2 Planetary 2 2 1 0 1 2 2 2 F. Comments: None
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NOAA 3-Day Forecast

Product: 3-Day Forecast Issued: 2020 Apr 02 0030 UTC Prepared by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
A. NOAA Geomagnetic Activity Observation and Forecast
The greatest observed 3 hr Kp over the past 24 hours was 3 (below NOAA Scale levels). The greatest expected 3 hr Kp for Apr 02-Apr 04 2020 is 3 (below NOAA Scale levels).
NOAA Kp index breakdown Apr 02-Apr 04 2020
Apr 02 Apr 03 Apr 04 00-03UT 2 2 2 03-06UT 3 3 1 06-09UT 2 2 1 09-12UT 2 2 1 12-15UT 1 1 1 15-18UT 2 1 1 18-21UT 2 2 2 21-00UT 3 2 2
Rationale: No G1 (Minor) or greater geomagnetic storms are expected. No significant transient or recurrent solar wind features are forecast.
B. NOAA Solar Radiation Activity Observation and Forecast
Solar radiation, as observed by NOAA GOES-16 over the past 24 hours, was below S-scale storm level thresholds.
Solar Radiation Storm Forecast for Apr 02-Apr 04 2020
Apr 02 Apr 03 Apr 04 S1 or greater 1% 1% 1%
Rationale: No S1 (Minor) or greater solar radiation storms are expected. No significant active region activity favorable for radiation storm production is forecast.
C. NOAA Radio Blackout Activity and Forecast
No radio blackouts were observed over the past 24 hours.
Radio Blackout Forecast for Apr 02-Apr 04 2020
Apr 02 Apr 03 Apr 04 R1-R2 1% 1% 1% R3 or greater 1% 1% 1%
Rationale: No R1 (Minor) or greater radio blackouts are expected. No significant active region flare activity is forecast.
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Forecast Discussion

Product: Forecast Discussion Issued: 2020 Apr 02 0030 UTC Prepared by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
Solar Activity
.24 hr Summary… Very low solar activity continued despite additional development in Region 2759 (N28E38, Hrx/alpha). Region 2759 evolved further, gaining rudimentary penumbra; however, the spot group remained in a simple unipolar configuration with very weak shear. No Earth-directed CMEs were observed in available coronagraph imagery.
.Forecast… Solar activity is expected to remain very low 2-4 Apr due to the persistent lack of activity and simple magnetic nature of Region 2759.
Energetic Particle
.24 hr Summary… The greater than 2 MeV electron flux was primarily moderate, with a few brief occurrences of high levels – but not frequent or long enough in duration to warrant a high flux level alert. The greater than 10 MeV proton flux maintained background levels.
.Forecast… The greater than 2 MeV electron flux is expected to be primarily moderate, with brief high level periods likely 2-4 Apr. The greater than 10 MeV proton flux is expected to continue at background.
Solar Wind
.24 hr Summary… Solar wind parameters were indicative of the waning influences of an isolated, negative polarity CH HSS. Total IMF strength was weak at 2 to 4 nT and the Bz component underwent mainly weak deviations. Solar wind speed unsteadily decreased from ~500 km/s to near 425 km/s. The phi angle was predominantly negative.
.Forecast… The solar wind field is expected to weaken further, with occasional periods of minor disturbances and enhancements 2-3 Apr due to flanking influences of the south polar, negative polarity CH HSS. Conditions are anticipated to return to near ambient-background conditions on 4 Apr as any HSS influences are likely to pass further south of Earth.
Geospace
.24 hr Summary… The geomagnetic field was quiet to unsettled in decreased response to waning CH HSS effects.
.Forecast… Quiet to unsettled conditions are expected 2-3 Apr in response to occasional solar wind field disturbances. Primarily quiet conditions are expected 4 Apr as CH HSS influences decrease further.
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Solar Region Summary (SRS)

:Product: Solar Region Summary :Issued: 2020 Apr 02 0030 UTC # Prepared jointly by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, # Space Weather Prediction Center and the U.S. Air Force. # Joint USAF/NOAA Solar Region Summary SRS Number 93 Issued at 0030Z on 02 Apr 2020 Report compiled from data received at SWO on 01 Apr I. Regions with Sunspots. Locations Valid at 01/2400Z Nmbr Location Lo Area Z LL NN Mag Type 2759 N28E38 261 0020 Hrx 02 03 Alpha IA. H-alpha Plages without Spots. Locations Valid at 01/2400Z Apr Nmbr Location Lo None II. Regions Due to Return 02 Apr to 04 Apr Nmbr Lat Lo None
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Report of Solar Geophysical Activity (RSGA)

Joint USAF/NOAA Solar Geophysical Activity Report and Forecast SDF Number 92 Issued at 2200Z on 01 Apr 2020
IA. Analysis of Solar Active Regions and Activity from 31/2100Z to 01/2100Z: Solar activity has been at very low levels for the past 24 hours. There are currently 1 numbered sunspot regions on the disk. IB. Solar Activity Forecast: Solar activity is expected to be very low on days one, two, and three (02 Apr, 03 Apr, 04 Apr).
IIA. Geophysical Activity Summary 31/2100Z to 01/2100Z: The geomagnetic field has been at quiet to unsettled levels for the past 24 hours. Solar wind speed reached a peak of 518 km/s at 31/2106Z. Electrons greater than 2 MeV at geosynchronous orbit reached a peak level of 1123 pfu. IIB. Geophysical Activity Forecast: The geomagnetic field is expected to be at quiet to unsettled levels on days one and two (02 Apr, 03 Apr) and quiet levels on day three (04 Apr).
III. Event probabilities 02 Apr-04 Apr Class M 01/01/01 Class X 01/01/01 Proton 01/01/01 PCAF green
IV. Penticton 10.7 cm Flux Observed 01 Apr 069 Predicted 02 Apr-04 Apr 070/070/070 90 Day Mean 01 Apr 071
V. Geomagnetic A Indices Observed Afr/Ap 31 Mar 010/013 Estimated Afr/Ap 01 Apr 006/006 Predicted Afr/Ap 02 Apr-04 Apr 007/008-007/008-006/005
VI. Geomagnetic Activity Probabilities 02 Apr-04 Apr A. Middle Latitudes Active 20/15/15 Minor Storm 05/05/01 Major-severe storm 01/01/01 B. High Latitudes Active 15/20/15 Minor Storm 25/25/20 Major-severe storm 30/20/20
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NOAA 3-Day Forecast

Product: 3-Day Forecast Issued: 2020 Apr 01 1230 UTC Prepared by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
A. NOAA Geomagnetic Activity Observation and Forecast
The greatest observed 3 hr Kp over the past 24 hours was 3 (below NOAA Scale levels). The greatest expected 3 hr Kp for Apr 01-Apr 03 2020 is 3 (below NOAA Scale levels).
NOAA Kp index breakdown Apr 01-Apr 03 2020
Apr 01 Apr 02 Apr 03 00-03UT 2 3 2 03-06UT 3 2 3 06-09UT 2 2 2 09-12UT 1 2 2 12-15UT 1 1 1 15-18UT 1 2 1 18-21UT 2 2 2 21-00UT 3 3 2
Rationale: No G1 (Minor) or greater geomagnetic storms are expected. No significant transient or recurrent solar wind features are forecast.
B. NOAA Solar Radiation Activity Observation and Forecast
Solar radiation, as observed by NOAA GOES-16 over the past 24 hours, was below S-scale storm level thresholds.
Solar Radiation Storm Forecast for Apr 01-Apr 03 2020
Apr 01 Apr 02 Apr 03 S1 or greater 1% 1% 1%
Rationale: No S1 (Minor) or greater solar radiation storms are expected. No significant active region activity favorable for radiation storm production is forecast.
C. NOAA Radio Blackout Activity and Forecast
No radio blackouts were observed over the past 24 hours.
Radio Blackout Forecast for Apr 01-Apr 03 2020
Apr 01 Apr 02 Apr 03 R1-R2 1% 1% 1% R3 or greater 1% 1% 1%
Rationale: No R1 (Minor) or greater radio blackouts are expected. No significant active region flare activity is forecast.
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Forecast Discussion

Product: Forecast Discussion Issued: 2020 Apr 01 1230 UTC Prepared by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
Solar Activity
.24 hr Summary… Solar activity was very low. Slight growth was observed in new Region 2759 (N28E45, Hrx/alpha). No Earth-directed CMEs were observed.
.Forecast… Solar activity is expected to continue at very low levels on 01-03 Apr.
Energetic Particle
.24 hr Summary… The greater than 2 MeV electron flux was normal to moderate and the greater than 10 MeV proton flux maintained background values.
.Forecast… The greater than 2 MeV electron flux is expected to reach moderate to high levels on 01-03 Apr due to CH HSS effects. The greater than 10 MeV proton flux is expected to continue at background levels.
Solar Wind
.24 hr Summary… Solar activity continued under the influence of a negative polarity CH HSS. Solar wind speed decreased from 534 km/s to near 455 km/s. Total field ranged from 1-7 nT while the Bz component was between +/-4 nT. Phi angle was predominantly oriented in a negative solar sector.
.Forecast… CH HSS influences are anticipated to continue on 01-03 Apr, although progressively weakening each day as the negative polarity CH HSS extension rotates away from a geoeffective position. Minor influences from the flank of the south polar CH HSS are likely afterwards.
Geospace
.24 hr Summary… The geomagnetic field was quiet to unsettled in response to CH HSS effects.
.Forecast… Quiet to unsettled conditions are expected on 01-03 Apr in reaction to continuing, but weakening CH HSS influences.
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Geoalert

:Product: GEOALERT :Issued: 2020 Apr 01 0330 UTC # Prepared by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, # Space Weather Prediction Center. # Geoalert WWA092 UGEOA 20401 00401 0330/ 9930/ 10013 21011 30017 99999 UGEOE 20401 00401 0330/ 31/00 99999 UGEOI 20401 00401 0330/ 31/// 10012 20700 3014/ 4///0 50000 61308 74604 80101 90010 99999 UGEOR 20401 00401 0330/ 31/24 01101 12759 20000 30000 41001 50010 60002 15128 00000 99999

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Solar & Geophysical Activity Summary (SGAS)

:Product: Solar and Geophysical Activity Summary :Issued: 2020 Apr 01 0245 UTC # Prepared jointly by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, # Space Weather Prediction Center and the U.S. Air Force. # Joint USAF/NOAA Solar and Geophysical Activity Summary SGAS Number 092 Issued at 0245Z on 01 Apr 2020 This report is compiled from data received at SWO on 31 Mar A. Energetic Events Begin Max End Rgn Loc Xray Op 245MHz 10cm Sweep None B. Proton Events: None C. Geomagnetic Activity Summary: The geomagnetic field was quiet to active. D. Stratwarm: Not Available E. Daily Indices: (real-time preliminary/estimated values) 10 cm 070 SSN 012 Afr/Ap 010/013 X-ray Background A1.2 Daily Proton Fluence (flux accumulation over 24 hrs) GT 1 MeV 9.4e+04 GT 10 MeV 4.6e+04 p/(cm2-ster-day) (GOES-16 satellite synchronous orbit W75 degrees) Daily Electron Fluence GT 2 MeV 9.00e+06 e/(cm2-ster-day) (GOES-16 satellite synchronous orbit W75 degrees) 3 Hour K-indices: Boulder 4 4 3 2 3 2 2 1 Planetary 4 4 3 2 3 2 2 2 F. Comments: None
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