60m Propagation Project

The objective of our 60M Experiment is to evaluate the band as a viable HF communications link between remote communities and larger centres throughout the Northern Canada Auroral Zone.
To accomplish this, we are gathering a team of interested individuals in various locations to beacon, and monitor beacons from other stations throughout the region.
Beacons heard will are spotted to PSK Reporter. The PSK Reporter data is automatically updated our central data base.
Solar weather data will also update our central database every 15 minutes.
Beacons heard, and solar conditions will be displayed graphically on a common time base to allow the data to be analysed. This feature is currently under development.

The graphs will show us beacons heard by any station and the existing solar conditions at any given time.
From this information we are hoping to learn what solar conditions need to exist to support a reasonable communications path, and what conditions will not.

Report of Solar Geophysical Activity (RSGA)

Joint USAF/NOAA Solar Geophysical Activity Report and Forecast SDF Number 102 Issued at 2200Z on 12 Apr 2021
IA. Analysis of Solar Active Regions and Activity from 11/2100Z to 12/2100Z: Solar activity has been at very low levels for the past 24 hours. There are currently 1 numbered sunspot regions on the disk. IB. Solar Activity Forecast: Solar activity is expected to be very low with a slight chance for a C-class flare on days one, two, and three (13 Apr, 14 Apr, 15 Apr).
IIA. Geophysical Activity Summary 11/2100Z to 12/2100Z: The geomagnetic field has been at quiet levels for the past 24 hours. Solar wind speed reached a peak of 391 km/s at 11/2234Z. Total IMF reached 6 nT at 12/0619Z. The maximum southward component of Bz reached -4 nT at 12/0545Z. Electrons greater than 2 MeV at geosynchronous orbit reached a peak level of 376 pfu. IIB. Geophysical Activity Forecast: The geomagnetic field is expected to be at quiet levels on day one (13 Apr) and quiet to unsettled levels on days two and three (14 Apr, 15 Apr).
III. Event probabilities 13 Apr-15 Apr Class M 01/01/01 Class X 01/01/01 Proton 01/01/01 PCAF green
IV. Penticton 10.7 cm Flux Observed 12 Apr 083 Predicted 13 Apr-15 Apr 078/078/078 90 Day Mean 12 Apr 076
V. Geomagnetic A Indices Observed Afr/Ap 11 Apr 005/005 Estimated Afr/Ap 12 Apr 005/005 Predicted Afr/Ap 13 Apr-15 Apr 006/005-007/008-007/008
VI. Geomagnetic Activity Probabilities 13 Apr-15 Apr A. Middle Latitudes Active 10/15/15 Minor Storm 05/01/01 Major-severe storm 01/01/01 B. High Latitudes Active 15/15/15 Minor Storm 20/25/25 Major-severe storm 15/20/20
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Forecast Discussion

Product: Forecast Discussion Issued: 2021 Apr 12 1230 UTC Prepared by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
Solar Activity
.24 hr Summary… Solar activity was very low. New Region 2814 (S24E17, Bxo/beta) was numbered and was inactive. A CME was observed off the East limb associated with an eruptive prominence. Analysis determined the CME was not Earth-directed. No other CMEs of significance were observed.
.Forecast… Solar activity is expected to be very low over 12-14 Apr.
Energetic Particle
.24 hr Summary… The greater than 2 MeV electron flux was normal to moderate and the greater than 10 MeV proton flux was at background levels.
.Forecast… The greater than 2 MeV electron flux is expected to be normal to moderate over 12-14 Apr and the greater than 10 MeV proton flux is expected to persist at background levels throughout the forecast period.
Solar Wind
.24 hr Summary… Solar wind parameters were at background levels. Wind speeds averaged ~350 km/s. Total field strength values were between 1-7 nT, and Bz was between +4/-5 nT. The phi angle was negative.
.Forecast… Solar wind parameters are expected to become slightly enhanced on 14 Apr due to positive polarity CH HSS influence.
Geospace
.24 hr Summary… The geomagnetic field was quiet.
.Forecast… The geomagnetic field is expected to be mostly quiet on 12-13 Apr. Quiet to unsettled conditions are expected on 14 Apr due to positive polarity CH HSS influence.
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NOAA 3-Day Forecast

Product: 3-Day Forecast Issued: 2021 Apr 12 1230 UTC Prepared by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
A. NOAA Geomagnetic Activity Observation and Forecast
The greatest observed 3 hr Kp over the past 24 hours was 2 (below NOAA Scale levels). The greatest expected 3 hr Kp for Apr 12-Apr 14 2021 is 3 (below NOAA Scale levels).
NOAA Kp index breakdown Apr 12-Apr 14 2021
Apr 12 Apr 13 Apr 14 00-03UT 1 2 2 03-06UT 1 1 2 06-09UT 1 1 2 09-12UT 2 1 1 12-15UT 1 1 1 15-18UT 1 1 2 18-21UT 2 2 3 21-00UT 2 2 3
Rationale: No G1 (Minor) or greater geomagnetic storms are expected. No significant transient or recurrent solar wind features are forecast.
B. NOAA Solar Radiation Activity Observation and Forecast
Solar radiation, as observed by NOAA GOES-16 over the past 24 hours, was below S-scale storm level thresholds.
Solar Radiation Storm Forecast for Apr 12-Apr 14 2021
Apr 12 Apr 13 Apr 14 S1 or greater 1% 1% 1%
Rationale: No S1 (Minor) or greater solar radiation storms are expected. No significant active region activity favorable for radiation storm production is forecast.
C. NOAA Radio Blackout Activity and Forecast
No radio blackouts were observed over the past 24 hours.
Radio Blackout Forecast for Apr 12-Apr 14 2021
Apr 12 Apr 13 Apr 14 R1-R2 1% 1% 1% R3 or greater 1% 1% 1%
Rationale: No R1 (Minor) or greater radio blackouts are expected. No significant active region flare activity is forecast.
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Geoalert

:Product: GEOALERT :Issued: 2021 Apr 12 0330 UTC # Prepared by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, # Space Weather Prediction Center. # Geoalert WWA102 UGEOA 20401 10412 0330/ 9930/ 10121 20122 30121 99999 UGEOE 20401 10412 0330/ 11/00 99999 UGEOI 20401 10412 0330/ 11/// 10000 20730 3006/ 4///0 50000 61708 74304 80000 90000 99999 UGEOR 20401 10412 0330/ 11/24 12100 99999

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Solar & Geophysical Activity Summary (SGAS)

:Product: Solar and Geophysical Activity Summary :Issued: 2021 Apr 12 0245 UTC # Prepared jointly by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, # Space Weather Prediction Center and the U.S. Air Force. # Joint USAF/NOAA Solar and Geophysical Activity Summary SGAS Number 102 Issued at 0245Z on 12 Apr 2021 This report is compiled from data received at SWO on 11 Apr A. Energetic Events Begin Max End Rgn Loc Xray Op 245MHz 10cm Sweep None B. Proton Events: None C. Geomagnetic Activity Summary: Field conditions were at quiet levels. D. Stratwarm: Not Available E. Daily Indices: (real-time preliminary/estimated values) 10 cm 073 SSN 000 Afr/Ap 005/005 X-ray Background A1.6 Daily Proton Fluence (flux accumulation over 24 hrs) GT 1 MeV 5.8e+04 GT 10 MeV 4.3e+04 p/(cm2-ster-day) (GOES-16 satellite synchronous orbit W75 degrees) Daily Electron Fluence GT 2 MeV 1.40e+06 e/(cm2-ster-day) (GOES-16 satellite synchronous orbit W75 degrees) 3 Hour K-indices: Boulder 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 Planetary 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 F. Comments: None
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Preliminary Report and Forecast of Solar Geophysical Data (The Weekly)

The latest version of “The Weekly” Preliminary Report and Forecast of Solar Geophysical Data is now posted on-line and available at www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/weekly-highlights-and-27-day-forecast
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Forecast Discussion

Product: Forecast Discussion Issued: 2021 Apr 12 0030 UTC Prepared by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
Solar Activity
.24 hr Summary… Solar activity was very low. No sunspots or Earth-directed CMEs were observed.
.Forecast… Solar activity is expected to be very low over 12-14 Apr.
Energetic Particle
.24 hr Summary… The greater than 2 MeV electron flux was normal to moderate and the greater than 10 MeV proton flux was at background levels.
.Forecast… The greater than 2 MeV electron flux is expected to be normal to moderate over 12-14 Apr and the greater than 10 MeV proton flux is expected to persist at background levels throughout the forecast period.
Solar Wind
.24 hr Summary… Solar wind parameters were at background levels. Wind speeds were between 325-375 km/s. Total field strength values were between 2-7 nT, and Bz was between +4/-5 nT. The phi angle transitioned from positive to negative at around 11/0200 UTC.
.Forecast… Solar wind parameters are expected to become enhanced on 14 Apr due to positive polarity CH HSS influence.
Geospace
.24 hr Summary… The geomagnetic field was quiet.
.Forecast… The geomagnetic field is expected to be mostly quiet on 12-13 Apr. Quiet to unsettled conditions are expected on 14 Apr due to positive polarity CH HSS influence.
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NOAA 3-Day Forecast

Product: 3-Day Forecast Issued: 2021 Apr 12 0030 UTC Prepared by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
A. NOAA Geomagnetic Activity Observation and Forecast
The greatest observed 3 hr Kp over the past 24 hours was 2 (below NOAA Scale levels). The greatest expected 3 hr Kp for Apr 12-Apr 14 2021 is 3 (below NOAA Scale levels).
NOAA Kp index breakdown Apr 12-Apr 14 2021
Apr 12 Apr 13 Apr 14 00-03UT 2 2 2 03-06UT 1 1 2 06-09UT 1 1 2 09-12UT 1 1 1 12-15UT 1 1 1 15-18UT 1 1 2 18-21UT 2 2 3 21-00UT 2 2 3
Rationale: No G1 (Minor) or greater geomagnetic storms are expected. No significant transient or recurrent solar wind features are forecast.
B. NOAA Solar Radiation Activity Observation and Forecast
Solar radiation, as observed by NOAA GOES-16 over the past 24 hours, was below S-scale storm level thresholds.
Solar Radiation Storm Forecast for Apr 12-Apr 14 2021
Apr 12 Apr 13 Apr 14 S1 or greater 1% 1% 1%
Rationale: No S1 (Minor) or greater solar radiation storms are expected. No significant active region activity favorable for radiation storm production is forecast.
C. NOAA Radio Blackout Activity and Forecast
No radio blackouts were observed over the past 24 hours.
Radio Blackout Forecast for Apr 12-Apr 14 2021
Apr 12 Apr 13 Apr 14 R1-R2 1% 1% 1% R3 or greater 1% 1% 1%
Rationale: No R1 (Minor) or greater radio blackouts are expected. No significant active region flare activity is forecast.
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Solar Region Summary (SRS)

:Product: Solar Region Summary :Issued: 2021 Apr 12 0030 UTC # Prepared jointly by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, # Space Weather Prediction Center and the U.S. Air Force. # Joint USAF/NOAA Solar Region Summary SRS Number 102 Issued at 0030Z on 12 Apr 2021 Report compiled from data received at SWO on 11 Apr I. Regions with Sunspots. Locations Valid at 11/2400Z Nmbr Location Lo Area Z LL NN Mag Type None IA. H-alpha Plages without Spots. Locations Valid at 11/2400Z Apr Nmbr Location Lo None II. Regions Due to Return 12 Apr to 14 Apr Nmbr Lat Lo None
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Space Weather Outlook

Official Space Weather Advisory issued by NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center Boulder, Colorado, USA
SPACE WEATHER ADVISORY OUTLOOK #21-17 2021 April 11 at 6:13 p.m. MDT (2021 April 12 0013 UTC)
**** SPACE WEATHER OUTLOOK ****
Summary For April 5-11
G1 (Minor) geomagnetic storm levels were reached on 07 April due to coronal hole high speed stream effects.
No additional significant space weather was observed during the summary pweriod.
Outlook For April 12-18
G1 (Minor) geomagnetic storm conditions are likely on 17 April due to coronal hole high speed stream effects.
No additional significant space weather is anticipated for the outlook period.
Data used to provide space weather services are contributed by NOAA, USAF, NASA, NSF, USGS, the International Space Environment Services and other observatories, universities, and institutions. More information is available at SWPC’s Web site swpc.noaa.gov
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